Political Parties Programs And Doctrines

POLITICAL PARTIES, PROGRAMS AND DOCTRINES

1. Introduction: overview of the course, presentation assignments.

2. Thomas Hobbes’ political philosophy

Assignment:
Hobbes’ life in historical context, including his work on philosophy, ethics, religion and politics. Various interpretation of meaning of Hobbes’ political philosophy.

Readings:
T. Hobbes, Leviathan, London 1651, chapters XIII, XVII – XVIII, p. 76 – 79, 103 – 114.
H. Arendt, The Origins of Totalitarianism, Harcourt Inc. San Diego – New York – London 1994, part II Imperialism, chapter I, Political Emancipation of the Bourgeoisie, p. 123 – 157.

3. John Locke, natural law theory and beginnings of liberalism

Assignments:
History and theory of Natural Law (Thomas Aquinas, Hugo Grotius, Thomas Hobbes, John Locke).
Origins of economic liberalism (Francois Quesnay and Physiocrats, Claude Helvetius, Adam Smith).

Readings:
J. Locke, Two Treatises of Government, ed. I. Shapiro, Yale University Press, New Haven – London 2003, Second Treatise chapter I, II, p. 100 – 106, p. 111 – 121, VII, Of political or civil society, 133 – 157.
A. Smith, An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations, ed. E. Cannan, Of systems of Political economy, p. 852 – 879.

4. The Birth of Conservatism

Assignment:
French Revolution: major events and immediate consequences.

Readings:
E. Burke, Reflections on the Revolution in France, ed. T. H. D. Mahoney, The Liberal Arts Press, New York 1955, chapter IV: The True Meaning of the Rights of Men, p. 55 – 77.

5. The Founding Fathers and Their Republican Ideals (Alexander Hamilton, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, John Adams)

Assignment:
Historical overview of the American Revolution

Readings:
T. Ball, Introduction, in: A. Hamilton, J. Madison, J. Jay, The Federalist, ed. T. Ball, Cambridge 2003, p. xiii – xxxii.
H. Arendt, On Revolution, The Viking Press, New York 1965, chapter V, Foundation II, Novus Ordo Saeclorum, p. 179 – 215.

6. The Birth of the Public Sphere

Assignment:
Various definitions of the public sphere.

Readings:
H. Arendt, The Human Condition, The University of Chicago Press 1958, p. 50 - 58.
J. Habermas, The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere, An Inquiry into a Category of Bourgeois Society, MIT Press 1991, trans. T. Burger, p. 1 – 26.

7. The Private and the Public

Assignment:
Various interpretations of the distinction between the private and the public (conservative, liberal, postmodern, leftist, feminist).

Readings:
R. Geuss, Public Goods, Private Goods, Princeton University Press 2001, p. 1 – 33.

8. Liberalism, Libertarianism and the Market

Assignment:
Doctrine of the Austrian School of Economy

Readings:
F. A. von Hayek, The Road to Serfdom, Routledge, London – New York 2006, chapter II, III, VIII, p. 24 – 44, 105 – 122.

9. Theories of Totalitarianism

Assignment:
British and American Perception of Totalitarianisms in Continental Europe

Readings:
P. Baehr, Identifying the Unprecedented: Hannah Arendt, Totalitarianism and the Critique of Sociology, in: Amercian Sociological Review 67:6 (2002), 804 - 831.

10. Milton Friedman and the Chicago Boys – consequences of a doctrine

Assignment:
Political applications of the doctrine of neoliberalism

Readings:
M. Friedman, Capitalism and Freedom, The University of Chicago Press 1982, p. 1 – 21, 197 – 202.

11. Theory of Justice and its Critics

Assignment:
Religious, moral, legal, economic and political meanings of justice.

Readings:
J. Rawls, A Theory of Justice, Revised Edition, The Belknap Press of Harvard UP, Cambridge Ma 1990, paragraphs 1 – 4, 11, 24, p. 3 – 19, 52 – 56, 118 – 123. S. Mulhall, A. Swift, Liberals and Communitarians, Blackwell 1996, p. 157 – 164.

12. Politics of nature

Assignment:
History of ecological movements in British and American Politics

Readings:
B. Latour, Politics of nature, How to bring the sciences into democracy, trans. C. Porter, Harward University Press 2004, p. 1 - 52.

13. Politics of Health

Assignement:
Public health policies in Great Britain and United States

Readings:
G.N. Grob, Deadly Truth, A History of Disease in America, Harvard University Press, p. 217 - 275.

14. Politics of mental health

Assignment:
Institutions of confinement for mentally handicapped people in Great Britain and United States

Readings:
G.N.Grob, Mental Health Policy in Late Twentieth-Century America; H.R.Lamb, Deinstitutionalization and Public Policy, in: American Psychiatry After World War II, ed. R.W.Menninger, J.C.Nemiah, Washington DC: American Psychiatric Press 2005, p. 232 - 276.

15. Oral examination and credits